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Frangipani
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P l u m e r i a   s p.
03
Adenium
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A d e n i u m   o b e s u m   ( A.  C o e t a n e u m )
04
Botanical Family:
Apocynaceae

Thai name:
Lan-tom

Malay names:
Cempaka kubur, Cempaka mulia, Kamboja

Indonesian names:
Kemboja,
Cempaka,
Bunga Jepun
A member of the same botanical family as the Frangipani - it is, in fact, sometimes called the Japanese Frangipani - Adenium is a small treelet native to arid East Africa and Arabia, reaching a height of about 01 meter. It has pale - gray succulent stems that produce a white, poisonous latex when cut, glossy club - shaped leaves at the branch ends, and, unlike most succulents, an almost continuous display of large, trumpet shaped flowers that range in color from pink to crimson.

The leaves often fall during wet weather or when the plant is in flower.

Intolerant of damp conditions, Adenium is usually seen grown as a pot plant in Southeast Asia, preferring a sunny location on a balcony or terrace and a well - drained potting soil mixture. It may also be used in rock gardens. Propagation is most often by cuttings, through old plants may produce seeds. Frequent applications of liquid manure increases flowering, which in the right location id more or less continuous.
Botanical Family:
Apocynaceae

Thai name:
Chaun-chom

Malay name:
Adenium merah

Indonesian name:
Adenium merah
The Frangipani is among the easiest of tropical trees to propagate from seeds, cuttings, and air - layering, which is perhaps one reason why this native of the New World quickly spread to other warm - weather regions. Another is the beauty of its fragrant, five - petalled flowers, which are used as offerings in both Buddhist and Hindu ceremonies; it is also seen planted in Muslim cemeteries in Malaysia and Indonesia.

The small to medium - sized tree was named after the French botanist Charles Plumier (1646 - 1706), who made three voyages to the Caribbean area in the 17th century. It has acquired an unusual range of popular names, among them Dead Man's fingers (Australia), Jasmin de Cayenne (Brazil), and the pagoda or Temple Tree (India). Two explanations have been given for Frangipani, the commonest. According to one, it was derived from a perfume created by an Italian family of the same name before the discovery of the Western Hemisphere; another claims that the thick white latex that flows from a cut in the tree reminded French settles in the Caribbean of "frangipanier", or coagulated milk.

There are several distinct species, of which the most widely - cultivated is
P. Rubra
, the progenotir of countless varieties.
P. rubra forma acutifolia
, for example, has very fragrant white flowers with yellow centers, while others come in varying shades of pink, yellow, red, and combinations.
P. Obtusa
has somewhat larger white flowers and blunt - ended leaves. There are also dwarf varieties that are popular with container gardeners.

Except for
P. Obtusa
and some of its varieties, all Plumerias have an annual dormant period in which they stop growing and flower less profusely; many shed their leaves at this time. They require good sun and well - drained soil to flower best. Cuttings root easily in a mixture of sand and light soil, as do even quite large branches; trees up to 07 meters high with almost no roots can be moved without any serious setback.
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